Blessed John Duns Scotus


November 8 Blessed John Duns Scotus (Doctor Subtilis, Johannes Scotus, The Subtle Doctor) One of the Three Most Important Philosopher-Theologians of the High Middle Ages.
1266 - 1308.
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During the first decade of the 14th century, the most famous teacher at the universities of Cambridge, Oxford, and Paris was Father John Duns of Scotland - the Blessed John Duns Scotus. Not only did he possess one of the keenest and most penetrating minds the world has ever seen, but he was also a humble Friar Minor and close follower of St Francis of Assisi.
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Born in 1266 at Littledean in Scotland of an Irish family which had settled in Scotland, Blessed John Duns Scotus received his early education from his Franciscan uncle, Father Elias Duns, in the friary at Dumfries. He was clothed with the Franciscan habit in 1279 or 1280; and even before his ordination he taught theology to his brethren (1289-1290).
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Bishop Oliver Sutton of Lincoln, England, ordained him a priest on St Patrick's Day, March 17, 1291. After he had continued his studies at Paris and Oxford for some 8 years, he began to lecture at Cambridge in 1301 and the following year taught at the Sorbonne, Paris.
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At that time Phillip the Fair was engaged in a disgraceful quarrel with Pope Boniface VIII, and Father John fearlessly defended the spiritual supremacy of the Vicar of Christ. Thus he incurred the anger of the French king, and together with his thirty confreres of the Paris friary he was forced to flee from the country.
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Returning to England, Father John then taught at Oxford for some three years (1303-06), and there obtained the doctor's degree in 1304. Soon the fame of his genius and learning spread abroad, and students came in great numbers to sit at the feet of the new teacher.
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"From almost every corner of the globe," wrote Rodulphus, "large numbers came to see and hear him whom they reverenced as an oracle from heaven."
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The title of the Subtle Doctor was conferred on Blessed John Duns Scotus; for, as Rodulphus wrote, "there was nothing so recondite, nothing so abstruse that his keen mind could not fathom and clarify; nothing so knotty that he, like another Oedipus, could not unravel; nothing so fraught with difficulty or enveloped in darkness that his genius could not expound."
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Another writer declared: "He described the Divine Nature as if he had seen God; the attributes of the celestial spirits as if he had been an angel; the felicities of a future state as if he had enjoyed them; and the ways of Providence as if he had penetrated into all Its secrets."
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Eternal Father, I wish to honor Blessed John Duns Scotus, and I give Thee thanks for all the graces Thou hast bestowed upon him. I ask Thee to please increase grace in my soul through the merits of this saint, and I commit the end of my life to him by this special prayer, so that by virtue of Thy goodness and promise, Blessed John Duns Scotus might be my advocate and provide whatever is needed at that hour. Amen.
Blessed John Duns Scotus Blessed John Duns Scotus Reviewed by Francisco Nascimento on 06:29 Rating: 5

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