RIOTS AND CELEBRATIONS FOR THE THEOTOKOS AT EPHESUS IN 431 AD

Ephesus a time when there is stiff opposition to the title Mary the Theotokos or Mary the Mother of God a title that can be traced back to the ancient Christian churches (The ancient use of this term is emphasised in Churches of the Syriac Tradition who have been using this title in their ancient liturgies for centuries. The Anaphora of Mari and Addai 3rd Century and the Liturgy of St James the Just 60 AD) The competing view, advocated by Patriarch Nestorius of Constantinople, was that Mary should be called Christotokos, meaning "Birth-giver of Christ," to restrict her role to the mother of Christ's humanity only and not his divine nature.
Nestorius' opponents, led by Cyril of Alexandria, viewed this as dividing Jesus into two distinct persons, the human who was Son of Mary, and the divine who was not. To them, this was unacceptable since by destroying the perfect union of the divine and human natures in Christ, it sabotaged the fullness of the Incarnation and, by extension, the salvation of humanity. The council accepted Cyril's reasoning, affirmed the title Theotokos for Mary, and anathematised Nestorius' view as heresy or what we call now as Nestorianism.
The People of Ephesus weren't having any of this. They took to the streets and rioted whenever anyone especially Nestorius and his followers would denied the title Theotokos to Mary..because to the early Christians and its traditions and to the people of Ephesus Jesus is true God and and true Man and therefore Mary is the Theotokos or Mother o God and when finally the Council of Ephesus broke the news that they had decided that the title had always been proper for the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Ephesians took to the streets again,celebrating for days with torches, shouting, "HOLY MARY MOTHER OF GOD!"

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