"G U N A I" (Mariology)


"On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” And Jesus said to her, “WOMAN", what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.” His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.”- John 2:1-5 

Anti Catholics would never call Mary mother Mary cause according to them even Jesus in the bible called Mary simply as WOMAN and He never called Mary mother.. 

Which lead to the Q why did Jesus called His own mother "WOMAN"? was Jesus rejecting His mother? was He an impolite Son and rude to His own mother? 

At first glance, this would seem to be a very impersonal manner for Jesus to address his own mother. It should be noted, however, that Jesus uses the same term when he speaks to Mary from the Cross, saying, “Woman, behold your son.” (John 19:26) Likewise, he uses the term often when speaking to other women (e.g. Mt 15:28; Luke 22:57; John 4:21) 

How Jesus could have spoken to His mother 2,000 years ago using this term without breaking the commandment to “[h]onor your father and your mother” (Exodus 20:12; cf. Matthew 15:4; Matthew 5:17-20). When Jesus, His disciples, and His mother were at the wedding in Cana of Galilee where there was a depletion of wine, Mary said to Jesus, “They have no wine” (John 2:3). Jesus then responded to His mother, saying, “Woman, what does your concern have to do with Me? My hour has not yet come” (John 2:4). Notice what one skeptic has written regarding what Jesus said in this verse. 

Practice what you preached ..Does Jesus needs to practice some parental respect?

In Matt. 15:4 he [Jesus—EL] told people to “Honor thy father and thy mother”; yet, he was one of the first to ignore his own maxim by saying to his mother in John 2:4, “Woman, what have I to do with thee?” was Jesus a Hypocrite? 

Imagine someone talking to his own mother is such a disrespectful manner and addressing her by such an impersonal noun as “woman.” Talk about an insolent offspring!

The Meaning of the Greek word Gunai

First, Mary is addressed as "gunai" [from the Greek gunei] or "dear Woman" by Jesus in both scenes; second, she is never called by name but only identified as "the mother of Jesus"; and third, in both cases a "new family" is formed: at Cana by the wedding itself and in the second scene in John chapter 19 a new family is formed by a kind of adoption in which "the beloved disciple" takes Mary as his mother and in the greater sense, as the mother of Christ's family, the Church--a role she continues to fill to this day. 

Judging Jesus’ words by what is common in twenty-first-century English vernacular, rather than putting Jesus’ comments in its proper first-century setting. It was not rude or inappropriate for a man in the first century to speak to a lady by saying, “Woman (gunai)….the equivalent of the modern way of addressing a woman, MY LADY OR SIMPLY MA'AM” This “was a highly respectful and affectionate mode of address” “with no idea of censure” . The New International Version correctly captures the meaning of this word in John 2:4: “ ‘Dear woman, why do you involve me?’ ” . Jesus used this word when complimenting the Syrophoenician woman’s great faith (Matthew 15:28), when affectionately addressing Mary Magdalene after His resurrection (John 20:15), and when speaking to His disconsolate mother one last time from the cross (John 19:26). Paul used this same word when addressing Christian women (1 Corinthians 7:16).: “Certainly no kind of disrespect is intended, but, on the contrary, complaisance, affability, tenderness, and concern, and in this sense it is used in the best Greek writers”.

As to why Jesus used the term “woman” (gunai) instead of “mother” (meetros) when speaking to Mary (which even in first-century Hebrew and Greek cultures was an unusual way to address one’s mother), there is a new relationship between them as he enters his public ministry…. Evidently Mary thought of the intimate relations of the home at Nazareth as persisting. But Jesus in his public ministry was not only or primarily the son of Mary, but “the Son of Man” who was to bring the realities of heaven to people on earth (1:51). A new relationship was established 

MARIOLOGY STUDIES (The Deeper Meaning)

Jesus' calling Mary "Woman" has a deeper theological meaning. Church scholars preach that the reason Jesus calls His Mother "Woman" is to refer to her as the "Woman" foretold in Genesis. In Genesis 3:15, after banishing Adam and Eve from the heavenly paradise, God made a promise to the serpent. He said that He will "put enmity between you and the Woman, between her offspring and yours. She will crush your head, and you shall bite her heel." That will culminate in Revelation 12 The Battle of the Woman clothed with the sun and the Red Dragon (the ancient serpent in the book of Genesis) 

At the very beginning of our salvation history, God promised to send a "Woman" whose offspring will crush the head of the serpent. That "Woman" is Mary, and the "offspring" is Jesus. 

Whenever Jesus calls Mary "Woman", therefore, He exalts her by pointing out to us that Mary is the fulfillment of the prophecy and promise that God made at the very beginning of human history. Mary is the "Woman" who will crush the head of the serpent! She is the victorious "Woman" give birth to Jesus, her Offspring, who triumphs over Satan. 

source: National Catholic Register/ Agape bible study/Apologetic press/FB blog

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